Rutaganda, Georges

Georges Anderson Nderubumwe Rutaganda was an agricultural engineer and businessman, member of the Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement (MRND), shareholder in the extremist radio station RTLM, and second vice president of the Interahamwe militia. Under an Indictment of 13 February 1996, Rutaganda was charged with genocide, crimes against humanity and violations of Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions.

The Prosecutor alleged that Rutaganda, in his leadership position in the Interahamwe, ordered and participated in the killing of Tutsi civilians, including an attack on the Ecole Technique Officielle, a Salesian secondary school in Rwanda where UNAMIR had set up base. Following the decision of the UN to evacuate, around 2,500 refugees were murdered by Hutu extremists. Rutaganda participated in various other killings across Kigali. He was arrested in Zambia in October 1995.

On 6 December 1999, Trial Chamber I at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) found Rutaganda guilty of genocide, as well as murder and extermination as crimes against humanity and sentenced him to life imprisonment. Both Rutaganda and the Prosecution appealed the judgment, and on 26 May 2003 the Appeals Chamber delivered its verdict. Rutaganda was acquitted of murder, but convicted on two new counts of war crimes (counts 4 and 6 of the Indictment). His sentence was also confirmed. The convictions for the two additional counts mark the first time the ICTR has convicted an accused of war crimes.

On 27 June 2009, Rutaganda was transferred to Benin to serve the remainder of his sentence. Rutaganda died in Benin after illness in October 2010.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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