Rugambarara, Juvénal

Juvénal Rugambarara was Bourgmestre (Mayor) of Bicumbi commune during the genocide, a position which he took over from convicted génocidaire, Laurent Semanza. Rugambarara held this position until he fled Rwanda to the DRC in July 1994.

According to an initial Indictment, Rugambarara participated in the development and execution of a plan to exterminate the Tutsi population in Rwanda, beginning in 1990. The plan included recourse to ethnic hatred, the training and distribution of arms to Interahamwe militias, and massacres of civilians. Rugambarara was accused of having organised and commanded massacres, as well as personally participating in killings including at church sites. Under the Indictment of 1 July 2000, Rugambarara was charged with nine counts including genocide as well as rape, torture and extermination as crimes against humanity.

On 13 July 2007, Rugambarara pleaded guilty before Trial Chamber II at the International Criminal for Rwanda (ICTR) to the single count of extermination (crimes against humanity) under an Amended Indictment of 2 July 2007. He was the eighth accused to plead guilty. Rugambarara received a sentence of 11 years’ imprisonment on 16 November 2007. On 27 June 2009, he was transferred to Benin to serve the remainder of his sentence.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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