The CDF Accused

The flag of the pro-government Civil Defense Forces (CDF) in Sierra LeoneFrom 1997 to 1999, three organised armed factions were involved in the armed conflict in Sierra Leone: the pro-government Civil Defense Forces (CDF), fighting the combined forces of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) and the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC).

The three “CDF Accused” – Moinina Fofana, Allieu Kondewa and Sam Hinga Norman – were widely seen as the top leaders of this organised armed force whose plan, purpose and design was to use any means necessary to defeat the RUF/AFRC forces in order to gain and exercise control over the territory of Sierra Leone.

Moinina Fofana and Allieu Kondewa were accused of four counts of violations of Common Article 3, with the latter additionally charged with enlisting children under the age of 15. The case against Sam Hinga Norman ended following his death in February 2007. On 2 August 2007, Trial Chamber I at the Special Court for Sierra Leone handed down its judgement and, on 9 October 2007, the sentencing judgment imposed six years’ imprisonment for Fofana and eight years in jail for Kondewa.

In its Appeals Judgement of 28 May 2008, the Appeals Chamber entered new convictions against both Fofana and Kondewa. It also substantially increased their jail terms, sentencing them to 15 and 20 years' imprisonment, respectively.

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