Akayesu, Jean-Paul

Jean Paul AkayesuJean Paul Akayesu served as mayor of the Taba commune (Southwest of Kigali, Rwanda), from April 1993 until June 1994. Akayesu was responsible for maintaining law and public order in his commune and had exclusive control over the police, as well as any gendarmes put at the disposal of the commune. At least 2000 Tutsi were killed in Taba between 7 April and the end of June 1994.

 

On 13 February 1996, Jean Paul Akayesu was charged with genocide; complicity in genocide; direct and public incitement to commit genocide; and extermination, murder, torture, rape, inhumane acts (crimes against humanity); and murder, cruel treatment and outrages upon personal dignity including rape (violations of the laws and customs of war).

 

On 2 October 1998, the Trial Chamber at the ICTR found Akayesu guilty of genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide and all the counts of crimes against humanity. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. This judgement was upheld on appeal.

 

Akayesu was the first ICTR indictee to be extradited to Arusha by an African country (Zambia), in October 1995. The Akayesu judgement marks the first time that an international tribunal enforced the 1948 Genocide Convention. It is also the first time that rape was considered as constitutive of genocide if committed with the intent to destroy in whole or in part a specific group.

The "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal JudgementThe "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal JudgementThe "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal Judgement
Research/ Court Documents
Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Amended indictment, 13-2-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Appeals Chamber Judgement, 1-6-2001Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision concerning a replacement of an assigned defence counsel, 31-10-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a defence motion for the appearance of an accused as an expert witness, 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a defence motion for the transfer, appearance and protection of 13 detained witnesses, 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a motion for summonses and protection of witnesses called by the Defence, 17-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a motion for the appearance and protection of witnesses called by the defence, 9-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on postponement of trial, 13-1-1997Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on postponement of trial, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the defence motions to direct the prosecutor to investigate (false testimony by a witness), 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the motion for the transfer and protection of defence witnesses, 26-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the preliminary motion for protective measures of witnesses, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the preliminary motion submitted by the defence, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the request of the accused for the replacement of assigned counsel, 20-11-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Issuance of warning against defence counsels, 19-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Judgement, 2-9-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order for temporary transfer of 3 detained witnesses (Rule 90bis), 31-10-1997Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order for transfer of a detained witness (Rule 90bis), 29-10-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order granting leave for Amicus Curiae to appear, 12-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order to authorize photographing and video-recording during proceedings, 25-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Sentence, 2-10-1998
Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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