Simba, Aloys

Aloys SimbaAloys Simba was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Rwandan armed forces. Although Simba was retired at the time of the alleged facts, between April and June 1994 he exercised de facto command and control over the military, the gendarmes, and the militia of the Interahamwe, in the Gikongoro and Butare prefectures. He armed the militias who perpetrated the massacres in those prefectures and he organised and planned the recruitment and training of the Interahamwe and young Hutus.

Simba was arrested in Senegal on 27 November 2001 and handed over to the authorities of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) on 9 March 2002.

Aloys Simba was indicted on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility as hierarchical superior with four counts: genocide, complicity in genocide and crimes against humanity (extermination and murder).

On 13 December 2005, the Trial Chamber found Aloys Simba guilty of genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison. The Appeals Chamber upheld the judgement on 27 November 2007. On 27 June 2009, he was transferred to Benin to serve the remainder of his sentence.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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