Gbao, Augustine

Augustine  GbaoAugustine Gbao, otherwise known as Augustine Bao, a former police officer in Sierra Leone, was a senior officer and Commander in the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) and the Junta. He reportedly joined the RUF in 1991 in Liberia. Augustine Gbao allegedly commanded the RUF and the AFRC and also personally participated in a campaign of armed raids against civilians in the territory of Sierra Leone. The principal aim of these attacks was to terrorise the civilian population, but they were also used to punish the population for failing to provide sufficient support to the RUF/AFRC alliance. The campaign brought about the plundering and destruction of villages, killings and abductions of civilians, sexual violence and enforced recruitment of child soldiers.

Augustine Gbao was indicted on 16 April 2003. He is charged with 18 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes. He was arrested and transferred to the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) in March 2003. On 25 February 2009, the SCSL convicted Augustine Gbao of 14 of the 18 counts against him, and on 8 April 2009 the Court sentenced Gbao to 25 years' imprisonment.

On 26 October 2009, the Appeals Chamber delivered its judgment, upholding the conviction of Gbao and his 25-year sentence. The Chamber did however overturn his conviction concerning collective punishments and found that he was not responsible for one of the two attacks against UN peacekeepers. On 31 October 2009, Gbao, along with seven other persons convicted by the SCSL, was transferred to Rwanda to serve his sentence.

The RUF accused

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