Frans van Anraat

Frans van Anraat

On 23 December 2005, the District Court of The Hague found Dutch businessman, Frans van Anraat, guilty of complicity to war crimes, but acquitted him of complicity to genocide itself. He was sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment. During the 1980s, Van Anraat was Saddam Hussein’s most important supplier of chemicals used for the production of mustard gas. According to the Court, van Anraat’s involvement in supplying chemicals to Iraq was an essential contribution to the chemical weapons programme of Saddam Hussein’s regime. The Court also found that the chemical attacks during the1980s were committed with the intent of the destruction of the Kurdish peoples in Iraq. There was insufficient evidence that Van Anraat knew about the genocidal intent of Saddam’s regime – a necessary element for a ‘complicity to genocide’ conviction.

Frans van Anraat was convicted of complicity to war crimes since his deliveries facilitated the attacks on the Kurdish peoples and made the carrying out of the regime’s ambitions considerably easier. Both the Prosecution and Van Anraat appealed the decision. On 9 May 2007, the Appeal Chamber confirmed the decision of the district court and condemned Frans van Anraat to 17 years of imprisonment.  

De beperkte rechtsmacht van de Wet Internationale Misdrijven (P. Duyx)De Wet Internationale Misdrijven: implicaties voor het materiële strafrecht (M.M. Dolman)
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