Permanent Court of International Justice

The Permanent Court of International Justice, predecessor to the International Court of Justice, was established by the Covenant of the League of Nations in 1922.

Between its inaugural sitting in 1922 and the time when it was officially dissolved in 1946 with the establishment of the Untied Nations, the Permanent Court of International Justice delivered 29 cases between states and 27 advisory opinions.

As with its successor the ICJ, the Permanent Court of International Justice had its seat at the Peace Palace in The Hague. Due to World War II, the Court's activity effectively ceased in 1940.

Research / Publications
"Who attempts too much does nothing well" (O. Spiermann)A Permanent Court of International Justice (O. Spiermann)A springboard for the future: a historical examination of Britain's role in shaping the optional clause of the PCIJ (L. Lloyd)An important chapter from the history of legal interpretation (J.P.F. Andreae)At the service of justice: Bustamante and the Permanent court of international justice, 1922-1930Development of international law by the Permanent Court of International Justice (H. Lauterpacht) International legal argument in the Permanent Court of International Justice (O. Spiermann)International legal argument in the Permanent Court of International Justice (O. Spiermann)International legal argument in the Permanent Court of International Justice (O. Spiermann)Judgments, orders of court, and advisory opinions rendered by the PCIJ at The Hague (C.L.W. Meyer)Memorandum on the signature by His Majesty's government in the UK of the optional clause of the statute of the Permanent court Minutes of the conference regarding the revision of the statute of the PCIJPublications of the Permanent Court of International JusticeReport of the informal inter-allied committee on the future of the PCIJ (W. Malkin)Sidelights on the Permanent court of international justice (A. Hammarskjold)The Constitution at the cross roads (E.A. Harriman)The jurisprudence of the World Court: a case by case commentary (J.H.W. Verzijl) The opinions of judge Dionisio Anzilotti at the Permanent Court of International Justice (J. Maria Ruda)The Permanent Court of International JusticeThe Permanent court of international justice and the question of American adhesion (C.E. Martin)The Permanent Court of International Justice and the relation of the United States to the Court The Permanent Court of international justice at The Hague: issued by the Registry of the Court (J.L. Oliván)The Permanent court of international justice, 1920-1942: a treatise (M.O. Hudson)The Permanent Court of International Justice: a treaties (M O Hudson) The permanent court of international justice: its constitution, procedure and work (A.P. Fachiri)The protetion of certain Jewish interests in the statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice (S. Rosenne)The reign of law: an introduction to the work of the PCIJ (K.E. Innes)The sixteenth year of the Permanent Court of International Justice (M.O. Hudson)The United States and the advisory function of the Permanent Court of International Justice (M. Pomerance) The United States and the Permanent court of international justice The United States and the Permanent court of international justice (R. Fernandes)The world court 1921-1938: a handbook of the Permanent Court of International Justice (M.O. Hudson)The World Court reference guide (B. Patel)The world court, 1922-1928: the year book of the Permanent court of international justice (M.O. Hudson)The world court: hearing before the committee on foreign relations, United States SenateWas the capacity to request an advisory opinion wider in the PCIJ than it is in the ICJ? (S.M. Schwebel)World Court reports: a collection of the judgments, orders and opinions of the PCIJ (M.O. Hudson)World Court reports: a collection of the judgments, orders and opinions of the PCIJ (Vol. II) (M.O. Hudson)World Court reports: a collection of the judgments, orders and opinions of the PCIJ (Vol. III) (M.O. Hudson et al.)World Court reports: a collection of the judgments, orders and opinions of the PCIJ (Vol. IV) (M.O. Hudson) World organization, 1920-1940 (M.B. Carroll et al.)
Research/ Court Documents
Brazilian loans: Judgment of 12 July 1929Brazilian loans: Judgment of 12 July 1929 (Annex)Brazilian loans: Opinion by M. Bustamante, 12-7-1929Brazilian loans: Opinion by M. Pessôa, 12-7-1929Free zones of Upper Savoy and the district of Gex: Opinion by M. Huber, 19-8-1929Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Judgment of 26 April 1928Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Judgment of 26 April 1928 (Annex 1)Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Judgment of 26 April 1928 (Annex 2)Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Opinion by M. Huber, 26-4-1928Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Opinion by M. Negulesco, 26-4-1928 Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Opinion by M. Nyholm, 26-4-1928Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (minority schools): Opinion by M. Schücking, 26-4-1928S.S. Wimbledon: Application, 16-1-1923S.S. Wimbledon: Dissenting Opinion by M. Anzilotti and M. Huber, 28-6-1923 S.S. Wimbledon: Dissenting Opinion by M. Schücking, 28-6-1923 S.S. Wimbledon: Judgment, 28-6-1923 S.S. Wimbledon: Judgment, Question of Intervention by Poland, 29-6-1923S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion by M. Altamira, 7-9-1927S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion by M. Loder, 7-9-1927S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion by M. Moore, 7-9-1927S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion by M. Nyholm, 7-9-1927S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion by M. Weiss, 7-9-1927S.S. “Lotus”: Dissenting opinion of Lord Finlay, 7-9-1927 S.S. “Lotus”: Judgment of 7 September 1927S.S. “Lotus”: Judgment of 7 September 1927 (Annex)Serbian loans: Judgment of 12 July 1929Serbian loans: Judgment of 12 July 1929 (Annex)Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder: Judgment of 10 September 1929 Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder: Order made on 15 August 1929 (Evidence)Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder: Order made on 15 August 1929 (Submissions) Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder: Order made on 20 August 1929 Treaty of Neuilly (interpretation): Annex, 12-9-1924Treaty of Neuilly (interpretation): Interpretation of the Judgment of 12-9-1924, 26-3-1925 Treaty of Neuilly (interpretation): Judgment, 12-9-1924
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