Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA)

Date of Judgment:  6 November 2003

On 2 November 1992, the Islamic Republic of Iran instituted proceedings against the United States of America concerning a dispute arising out of the attack on three offshore oil production complexes. The complexes were owned and operated for commercial purposes by the National Iranian Oil Company and were destroyed by several warships of the United States Navy on 19 October 1987 and 18 April 1988. In its Application, Iran contended that these acts constituted a fundamental breach of various provisions of the Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations and Consular Rights between the United States and Iran, which was signed in Tehran on 15 August 1955, as well as of international law. The United States Counter-Memorial included a counter-claim concerning Iran's actions in the Gulf during 1987-88 which, among other things, involved mining and other attacks on U.S.-flag or U.S.-owned vessels.

In its Judgment of 6 November 2003, the Court found that it could not uphold the submissions of either Government, nor could it uphold the claim of Iran or the counter-claim of the United States.

Armed Attack after the Oil Platforms Case (D. Raab)Destruction of Property (on an International Scale): the Recent Oil Platforms Case (S.M. Young)Fragmenting International Law through Compromissory Clauses (E. Cannizzaro and B. Bonafé)Oil Platforms: Lessons of Dissensus (V. Heiskanen)Protecting international Shipping Channels during Hostilities and the Oil Platforms case (P.H.F. Bekker)Self-Defense and the Oil Platforms Decision (W.H. Taft)Symposium: Reflections on the ICJ's Oil Platforms DecisionThe Oil Platforms Case Before the International Court of Justice (L. von Carlowitz)The Oil Platforms Case before the International Court of Justice(P. Weil and D. Richemond)
Research/ Court Documents
Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Application, 2-11-1992Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Declaration of Judge Koroma, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Declaration of Judge Ranjeva, 6-11-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting Opinion of Judge Al-Khasawneh, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting Opinion of Judge Elaraby, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting Opinion of Judge Oda, 12-12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting opinion of Judge Rigaux, 10-3-1998 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting Opinion of Judge Rigaux, 12-12-1996 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Dissenting Opinion of Judge Schwebel, 12-12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Judgment (Merits), 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Judgment (Preliminary Objections), 12 -12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 10 March 1998 - Counter claimOil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 16 December 1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 18 January 1994Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 26 May 1998Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 3 June 1993Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 4 December 1992Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 4 September 2000Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Order of 8 December 1998Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Buergenthal, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate opinion of Judge Higgins, 10-3-1998Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Higgins, 12-12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Higgins, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Kooijmans, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate opinion of Judge Oda, 10-3-1998Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Owada, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Parra-Aranguren, 12-12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Parra-Aranguren, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Ranjeva, 12-12-1996 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Rigaux, 6-11-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Shahabuddeen, 12-12-1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Separate Opinion of Judge Simma, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Summary of the Judgment, 6-11-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Summary of the Order of 12 December 1996Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Written pleadings, 8-6-1993
Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
Research/ Transcripts
Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 19-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 19-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 3-3-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 3-3-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 5-3-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (I), 5-3-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 19-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 19-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 26-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 26-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 3-3-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 3-3-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 5-3-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings (II), 5-3-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 17-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 17-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 18-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 18-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 21-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 21-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 24-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 24-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 25-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 25-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 28-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 28-2-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 7-3-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA): Oral pleadings, 7-3-2003 (translation)Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA):Oral pleadings (I), 26-2-2003Oil Platforms (Iran v. USA):Oral pleadings (I), 26-2-2003 (translation)
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