Territorial and Maritime Dispute between Nicaragua and Honduras in the Caribbean Sea (Nicaragua v. Honduras)

Nicaragua v. HondurasOn 8 December 1999, Nicaragua instituted proceedings at the International Court of Justice against Honduras. The case related to a dispute about the establishment of a single maritime boundary between the areas of the territorial sea, continental shelf and exclusive economic zones of the two countries in the Caribbean Sea. Additionally, the Parties asked the Court to adjudge on sovereignty over the four islands located in the disputed area.

In its judgment of 8 October 2007, the Court unanimously ruled that Honduras had sovereignty over Bobel Cay, Savanna Cay, Port Royal Cay and South Cay. It also found that no boundary existed along the 15th parallel on the basis of state practice, as claimed by Honduras. The Court drew the boundary using a bisector method. It decided that the starting point would be fixed three nautical miles out to sea and instructed the Parties to negotiate the course of the line between the existing endpoint of the land boundary in the mouth of the Coco River and the starting point determined in the judgment. Finally, the Court adjusted the bisector line with the 12-mile breadth of territorial sea around the four islands allotted to Honduras.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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