Barbados / Trinidad and Tobago

On 16 February, 2004 Barbados instituted proceedings against the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago pursuant to Article 287 and Article 1 of Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Date of award: 11 April 2006

On 16 February, 2004 Barbados instituted proceedings against the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago pursuant to Article 287 and Article 1 of Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). An arbitral tribunal was established in accordance with Articles 3 (b) and 3 (c) of UNCLOS to decide of the delimitation of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf between the two States.

The Arbitral Tribunal found that it had jurisdiction to delimit the continental shelf and EEZ belonging to each of the Parties. It concluded that it did not have jurisdiction to render a decision as to the appropriate fisheries regime to apply in waters which form part of Trinidad and Tobago's EEZ. The Award established a single maritime boundary between Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago that differs from the boundaries claimed by each of the Parties.

The five-member arbitral tribunal consisted of Judge Stephen Schwebel (President), Professor Vaughan Lowe, Mr. Ian Brownlie, Professor Francisco Orrego Vicuña, and Sir Arthur Watts. The Permanent Court of Arbitration served as registry for the Arbitral Tribunal.

Barbados/Trinidad and Tobago Arbitration: Rules of Procedure
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