Cermak, Ivan

From 1991 until 1993, Ivan Čermak was Assistant Minister of Defence in the Croatian Government. In August 1995 he was named Commander of the Knin Garrison.  Čermak represented the Croatian Government in dealing with members of the international community and media concerning “Operation Storm”, a military offensive launched by Croatia in the Krajina region that lasted from August to November 1995.

According to the indictment, Ivan Čermak participated in a joint criminal enterprise (JCE) the purpose of which was the permanent removal of the Serb population from the Krajina region. He was indicted with Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markač (Gotovina, Čermak and Markač "OPERATION STORM”). Ivan Čermak has been charged with five counts of crimes against humanity (persecutions, deportation inhumane acts, murder) and four counts of violations of the laws or customs of war (plunder, wanton destruction, murder, cruel treatment).

Čermak was transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in March 2004. The trial began on 11 March 2008. On 5 March 2009, the Prosecution completed its case-in-chief.  The Defense case commenced on 28 May 2009 and was officially rested on 27 January 2010.

On 15 April 2011, Trial Chamber I delivered its verdict. The Chamber found that although Čermak had denied crimes committed in Grubori on 25 August 1995, and that he had provided misleading assurances to the international community that action would be taken to stop crimes against Serbs, the prosecution had failed to prove that he had concealed crimes against Serbs and that he was part of the joint criminal enterprise.

He was acquitted of all charges and his release was ordered.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
Page Tools
Share |