Krajišnik, Momčilo

On 26 September 2006, the Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) convicted Momčilo Krajišnik of persecutions, extermination, murder, deportation, and forced transfer as an inhumane act (crimes against humanity) and sentenced him to 27 years’ imprisonment. 

Krajišnik was a prominent member of the Bosnian Serb leadership during the war.  According to the indictment, between July 1991 and December 1992 Krajišnik participated in a joint criminal enterprise (JCE) with Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžic, Ratko Mladić and some other members of the Bosnian Serb leadership. The objective of the JCE was to ethnically recompose territories targeted by the Bosnian Serb leadership by drastically reducing the proportion of Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats through expulsion. Krajišnik’s principle contribution to the JCE was to help establish and perpetuate the party and state structures that were instrumental to the commission of the crimes perpetrated in 1991-1992.

Appeal

On 21 August 2008, the parties met before the Appeals Chamber for the appeals hearing. On 5 November 2008, former Bosnian Serb political leader and top war crimes suspect  Radovan Karadžic has testified as an additional witness for Momcilo Krajisnik's defense. Radovan Karadžic, who is charged, by the same Court, with genocide and crime against humanity, appeared in the courtroom as witness.

The appeals judgement was rendered on 17 March 2009. The Appeals Chamber upheld parts of Momčilo Krajišnik's appeal, saying that the Trial Chamber had committed a legal error by failing to make the findings necessary for Krajišnik's conviction in relation to the expanded crimes which were not included in the original common objective of the JCE. The Appeals Chamber reduced his sentence to 20 years. On 8 September 2009, Krajišnik was transferred to the UK to serve his sentence.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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