Saif al-Islam

Saif al-Islam Muammar al-Gaddafi  is the second son of Colonel Gaddafi and his second wife Safia Farkash. He is a part of his father's inner circle, performing public relations and diplomatic roles on behalf of his father. He has been mentioned as a possible successor of his father’s regime. He studied engineering and architecture, and in 2008 was awarded a PhD from the London School of Economics, although recent accusation of plagiarism have undermined this qualification. Saif has also strived to be seen as an important member of the diplomatic body; between 2002 and 2003 he convince his father to abandon Libya’s program of developing weapons of mass destruction and in 2008 led the negotiations for a friendship treaty with Italy.

In February 2011, following the turmoil which disrupted Tunisian and Egyptian regimes, the Libyan population began to question Gaddafi’s autocratic rule.  The first protests started on 15 February 2011, and within a week had spread all over the country. Gaddafi allegedly responded to the uprising by using military force against civilians. Concerned by these developments, the U.N. Security Council voted unanimously on 26 February to refer the Libyan crisis to the International Criminal Court and the prosecutor launched a formal investigation days later. On 17 March 2011 the United Nations approved a no-fly zone above Libya, followed by a series of airstrikes which began on 19 March 2011.

On 4 May 2011, Luis Moreno-Ocampo stated his intention to seek arrest warrants for Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and Abdullah al-Senussi, chief of the Libyan espionage agency.

Mr Moreno-Ocampo stated that the Office of the Prosecutor had gathered evidence on meetings between the three suspects to allegedly plan and order illegal attacks against civilians and protestors. The evidence supporting the request for the arrest warrants was presented to the Court in the form of a 74-page document, with nine annexes. The warrant applications specifically name Gaddafi for the commission of two categories of crimes against humanity under the Rome Statute: murder under Article 7(1)(a), and persecution under Article 7(1)(h).

On 27 June 2011, Pre-Trial Chamber I issued arrest warrants for Saif al-Islam, his father Muammar Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi.

Saif al-Islam was arrested on 20 November 2011 and is currently in the custody of revolutionary fighters in Obari. A decision has yet to be made as to the location of his trial.

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Court Documents
Situation in Libya Decision assigning the situation in Libya to Pre-Trial Chamber I 04/03/2011Situation in Libya Decision on the Prosecutor's Application Pursuant to Article 58 as to Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi anSituation in Libya Prosecutor's Application against Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam and Abdullah Senussi 16/05/2011Warrant of Arrest for Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi
ICC issues Libya arrest warrants ICC Prosecutor launches Libya investigation ICC prosecutor names Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam and Abdullah Senussi as war crimes suspectsICC Prosecutor says crimes against humanity charges against Gaddafi are certain. ICC Prosecutor to brief UN on LibyaRape as weapon of war likely to be added to charges in Libya caseSecurity Council refers Libya to the ICCVideo: ICC prosecutor hopes for Gaddafi arrest