Mpambara, Jean

At the time of the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, Jean Mpambara was Bourgmestre (Mayor) of Rukara commune in the Kibungo prefecture. After fleeing Rwanda at the end of July 1994, Mpambara was arrested in a Tanzanian refugee camp in 2001 and transferred to the custody of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

According to the Amended Indictment 27 November 2004, Mpambara was charged with genocide or complicity in the alternative, and extermination as a crime against humanity. The charges related to the alleged planning and ordering of attacks against Tutsi civilians by Mpambara, as well as the arming of militias for the same purpose. The Prosecutor also accused Mpambara of assuring Tutsi civilians that they would find safety at Rukura parish before ordering Interahamwe to kill the more than 5,000 people who had taken refuge there. Mpambara himself was also accused of killing refugees.

Under the initial Indictment, Mpambara was charged with the sole count of genocide, but at the beginning of his trial in September 2005, this had been amended to contain two new counts. On 12 September 2006, Mpambara was found not guilty by the unanimous decision of Trial Chamber I.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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