Bagambiki, Emmanuel

Emmanuel BagambikiEmmanuel Bagambiki is a former préfet of Cyanguga prefecture in Rwanda. Under an Indictment of 9 October 1997, Bagambiki was charged with genocide, complicity in genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) alleged that Bagambiki was responsible for distributing arms to militia, preparing lists of civilians to be killed and inciting the killing of Tutsis.

Bagambiki was indicted alongside Samuel Imanishimwe. Both suspects were alleged to have been responsible for ordering the murder of Tutsi civilians, including at the national stadium where thousands of refugees had gathered. Following the decision by Trial Chamber III to grant the Motion to join the cases of Bagambiki and Imanishimwe with that of André Ntagerura, the ‘Cyangugu trial’ opened on 19 September 2000. After over 160 days of proceedings, on 25 February 2004 Bagambiki was acquitted of all the charges against him. The Trial Chamber found that there was insufficient evidence to prove any of the charges, citing also problems with the mode of responsibility charged in the Indictment. On 8 February 2006, the Appeals Chamber upheld his acquittal.

After expressing concern at the acquittal, the Rwandan authorities referred the case to the Court of First Instance of Rusizi, which in October 2007 tried and convicted Bagambiki in absentia for rape and incitement to commit rape - charges not pursued at the ICTR. Moreover, in 2008 a warrant was issued by Rwanda for the arrest of Bagambiki, which the Belgian Prosecutor was considering. Bagambiki had been living in Belgium since July 2007 following a lengthy procedure which finally granted him the right by court order to join his family. It was reported in 2008 that should Belgium reject Bagambiki’s extradition back to Rwanda, he could face trial in a Belgian court.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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