Munyakazi, Yussuf

Yussuf Munyakazi is a former businessman and commercial farmer in the Cyangugu préfecture in Rwanda, charged with genocide or complicity in the alternative, as well as the crime against humanity of extermination. During the events between April and July 2004, Munyakazi is accused of leading the Bugarama MRND (Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement) militia, also known as the ‘Bugarama Interahamwe’.

Munyakazi wass alleged to have planned, instigated, ordered, participated, or otherwise aided and abetted the elimination of Tutsis in the Cyangugu and Kibuye prefectures. According to the indictment, Munyakazi led the Interahamwe in the killing of thousands of Tutsi civilians who had taken refuge in various churches around the prefectures.

Yussuf Munyakazi was arrested in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and transferred to the custody of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha on 7 May 2004. He made his initial appearance at the Tribunal on 12 May 2004. On 28 May 2008, Trial Chamber III rejected a request from the Prosecutor to transfer the case to the Rwandan judicial system. The trial of Munyakazi began before Trial Chamber I on 22 April 2009.

On 30 June 2010 the ICTR found Yussuf Munyakazi guilty of genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity, and sentenced him to 25 years’ imprisonment.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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