Nzuwonemeye, François-Xavier

François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye was Commander of the Reconnaissance Battalion of the Rwandan Army during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994. Nzuwonemeye was arrested on 15 February 2000 in France and extradicted to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania later that year.

At the Prosecutors request, the ICTR ordered the trial of François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye to be combined with those of Augustin Bizimungu, Augustin Ndindiliyimana and Innocent Sagahutu in what is known as the ‘Military II’ case. According to the indictment against Nzuwonemeye, forces under his command “hunted down, tortured and killed” the Prime Minister of the Transitional Government, Agathe Uwilingiyamana and assassinated 10 Belgian UNAMIR soldiers. These atrocities have become notorious incidents of the genocide, in part due to UNAMIR Commander, Roméo Dallaire’s post-1994 revelations.

In addition to being charged for his responsibility in these incidents, François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye is charged with conspiring to exterminate Tutsi civilians, genocide, or complicity in the alternative, numerous crimes against humanity and violations of the Geneva Conventions. The trial against Nzuwonemeye began on 20 September 2004 before Trial Chamber II and was completed on 29 June 2009. A judgement is expected later in the year.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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