Mugiraneza, Prosper

Prosper Mugiraneza was Minister of the Civil Service in the Interim Government of Rwanda from April until July 1994, and had previously held various other governmental positions. According to the indictment against him, Mugiraneza was “a very influential member” of the Hutu-dominated MRND (Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement) government of former President Habyarimana.

Prosper Mugiraneza is accused of having organized, ordered and participated in massacres against Tutsis in Rwanda in the execution of a plan which he conspired to design alongside other influential persons such as Théoneste Bagosora. As a member of the Interim Government in Rwanda during the genocide, he is accused of exercising authority over the infamous Interahamwe militias who committed numerous atrocities during the course of the genocide. His trial was combined with those of Casimir Bizimungu, Jérôme Bicamumpaka and Justin Mugenzi at the request of the Prosecutor, in a case now known as ‘Government II’.

According to the indictment, Mugiraneza was charged with conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, as well as murder, extermination and rape (crimes against humanity) and war crimes. After his defence filed a motion for acquittal, Prosper Mugiraneza was acquitted of the charges concerning his superior responsibility for conspiracy to commit genocide, and for the charges of murder, rape and outrages on personal dignity in the full. The case was completed in December 2008, with a verdict expected in 2010.


Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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