Mugenzi, Justin

Justin Mugenzi was Minister of Trade & Industry in the Interim Government in Rwanda until July 1994. He had previously been nominated as Minister in the proposed broad-based transition government issued in March 1994. According to the indictment against Mugenzi, he also led the Hutu Power faction of the Liberal Party.

Mugenzi was charged with conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, various crimes against humanity and war crimes. He was arrested in Cameroon in April 1999 and transferred to the custody of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in July of the same year. At the request of the Prosecutor, the case against Justin Mugenzi was joined with those of Casimir Bizimungu, Jérôme Bicamumpaka and Prosper Mugiraneza, now known as the ‘Government II’ case.

After the defence for Justin Mugenzi filed a motion for acquittal pursuant to Rule 98 bis of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the Tribunal, Mugenzi was acquitted on 31 October 2005 of conspiracy in respect of his responsibility for the acts of his subordinates under Article 6(3), murder as a crime against humanity in respect of his individual responsibility under 6(1), rape as a crime against humanity and outrages upon personal dignity as a war crime. The case proceeded on the basis of the other counts for which Mugenzi was charged and was completed on 5 December 2008. A judgment is expected in 2009.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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