Kalimanzira, Callixte

Callixte Kalimanzira was indicted by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) on 21 July 2005. The indictment charges Kalimanzira with genocide, or complicity in the alternative, and direct and public incitement to commit genocide. Kalimanzira voluntarily surrendered to the Tribunal and pleaded not guilty to all the charges at his initial appearance on 5 May 2008.

During the events referred to in his indictment, Callixte Kalimanzira was a senior civil servant who held various positions, including Chef de cabinet in the Ministry of the Interior in the Interim Government. He is thought to have been a close ally of former President Théodore Sindikubwabo and Prime Minister Jean Kambanda, as well as a prominent member of the Mouvement républicain national pour le développement (MRND). Kalimanzira is accused of being responsible for planning, instigating, ordering, committing or otherwise aiding and abetting the planning and commission of crimes during the genocide in Rwanda.

It is alleged that Callixte Kalimanzira personally participated in various massacres of Tutsi civilians and actively encouraged the commission of other crimes against Tutsis. The prosecution alleges that he, amongst other crimes, “personally beat some Tutsis to death” and “incited people to eliminate the Tutsi, including those who were still in their mothers’ wombs.” The trial was completed on 20 April 2009. On 22 June 2009, Kalimanzira was convicted of genocide and direct and public inctement to commit genocide and sentenced to 30 years' imprisonment.

Following an appeal, the Appeals Chamber affirmed Kalimanzira's conviction for genocide but quashed his conviction for direct and public incitement to commit genocide in October 2010. Kalimanzira's sentence was reduced by five years to 25 years' imprisonment.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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