Bizimungu, Casimir

Casimir Bizimungu was Minister of Health in the Interim Government of Rwanda during the genocide, and had held various positions prior to 1994 in the MRND Government of President Habyarimana. After a warrant for his arrest was issued Bizimungu was apprehended near his home in Kenya in February 1999.

Casimir Bizimungu is charged with conspiring with, among others, Théoneste Bagosora to work out a plan for the extermination of the Tutsi population of Rwanda, the components of which consisted of recourse to hatred and ethnic violence, the training and distribution of weapons to militiamen, as well as the preparation of lists of people to be killed. The prosecution alleges that he organized, ordered and participated in massacres in execution of the plan, and formally charged Bizimungu with conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. His case was joined with those of Justin Mugenzi, Jérôme Bicamumpaka and Prosper Mugiraneza, now known as the ‘Government II’ case. The case began on 3 November 2003.

Before the start of the defence case, on 31 October 2005, the four accused were partially acquitted of certain counts in the indictment. Bizimungu was acquitted of conspiracy to commit genocide in respect of Article 6(3) (responsibility for the acts of his subordinates), rape as a crime against humanity and outrages upon personal dignity as a war crime. The trial for the remaining charges was completed on 5 December 2008, with a judgment set to follow.


Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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