Gatete, Jean-Baptiste

Jean-Baptiste GateteJean-Baptiste Gatete is a former Interahamwe militia leader who had previously been dismissed from office as bourgmestre of Murambi commune in the Byumba préfecture in Rwanda amidst allegations that he persecuted Tutsi civilians. It is alleged that Gatete maintained influence over the communal police, gendarmes and civilian militias from his former préfecture, and that whilst in office was involved in the arming and training of militias. Gatete was arrested in Congo-Brazzaville in 1996, having previously been transferred to the Democratic Republic of Congo via a UNHCR plane where he is alleged to have contributed to the conflict in eastern DRC.

In the Indictment dated 10 May 2005, Jean-Baptiste Gatete is charged with six counts of genocide or complicity in the alternative, conspiracy to commit genocide, and extermination, murder and rape as crimes against humanity. The prosecution alleges that Gatete planned, instigated, ordered, committed or otherwise aided and abetted in the planning and execution of these crimes, in addition to participating in a joint criminal enterprise aimed at the elimination of the Tutsi population. Gatete is accused of organising and participating in massacres of Tutsi refugees, including the killing of 6,000 civilians in two separate parishes in Murambi, as well as commanding the Interahamwe in the widespread rape of women. At his initial appearance on 20 September 2002, Gatete pleaded not guilty to all of the charges.

As part of the Completion Strategy of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), the Prosecutor filed a request on 28 November 2007 for the case to be transferred to the national jurisdiction of Rwanda. The request was subsequently rejected by the ICTR in November 2008.

The trial commenced on 20 October 2009. Closing Arguments were heard on 8 November 2010.

On 29 March 2011 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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