Bizimungu, Augustin

Following the death of his predecessor in the plane crash that killed President Habyarimana on 6 April 1994, Augustin Bizimungu was appointed as Chief of Staff of the Rwandan Army. He held this position throughout the genocide in Rwanda, exercising authority over all soldiers in the army. After fleeing to Angola he was arrested by the Angolan government in 2002 and transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to face charges of conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide or alternatively complicity in genocide, three counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Augustin Bizimungu is being tried along with Augustin Ndindiliyimana, François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye and Innocent Sagahutu in the “Military II” case, which began on 20 September 2004 in Arusha, Tanzania. According to the indictment of 23 August 2004, Bizimungu is accused of having participated in a plan conceived in the early 1990s to exterminate the Tutsi population through acts including the training of Interahamwe milita. Bizimungu is also accused by way of his superior responsibility for the acts of his subordinates in the commission of genocide, as well as acts of murder, extermination and rape. Bizimungu is also charged with directly ordering acts to be committed against Tutsis and, by way of his omissions, in failing to halt the acts of his subordinates.

At the beginning of the trial in September 2004, Augustin Bizimungu pleaded not guilty to all the charges. The case was completed on 29 June 2009, with a judgment from Trial Chamber II to follow.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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