Bicamumpaka, Jérôme

During the genocide in Rwanda from April 1994 until July 2004, Jérôme Bicamumpaka held the office of Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation in the Interim Government of Rwanda. Following the advance of RPF troops across Rwanda led by current President, Paul Kagame, Bicamumpaka fled the country and was eventually arrested in Cameroon in 1999.


Jérôme Bicamumpaka is accused of conspiring with other senior figures in Rwanda, notably Théoneste Bagosora, to work out and execute a plan aimed at the extermination of Tutsis from Rwanda. Bicamumpaka is charged with conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, complicity in genocide and direct and public incitement to commit genocide. He is also charged under the indictment of 13 September 1999 with murder, extermination, rape (crimes against humanity) and two counts of serious violations of Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions.


At the request of the Prosecutor, the case against Jérôme Bicamumpaka was joined with those of Casimir Bizimungu, Justin Mugenzi and Prosper Mugiraneza, and began on 3 November 2003. On 31 October 2005, the defendants in the so-called ‘Government II’ case were partially acquitted of various counts in the indictment. Jérôme Bicamumpaka was acquitted of conspiracy to commit genocide insofar as his superior responsibility was concerned, murder and rape as crimes against humanity and the war crime of outrages upon personal dignity. The case was completed in December 2008, with a judgment on the remaining counts in the indictment expected in 2010.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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