Rukundo, Emmanuel

Emmanuel RukundoEmmanuel Rukundo was a military chaplain at Ruhengeri préfecture in 1994. He joins convicted priest, Athanase Seromba, deceased Elizaphan Ntakirutimana and Hormisdas Nsengimana, among others, as members of the clergy indicted for their role in the Rwandan genocide. Following a request by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to the Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs, Rukundo was arrested in Geneva in July 2001 where he had been granted asylum and was fulfilling the office of curate in a Genevan parish.

For his alleged role in the events of April to July 1994, Emmanuel Rukundo is charged with genocide and two counts of crimes against humanity (murder and extermination). According to the indictment, Rukundo was a known extremist with a history of contempt for the Tutsi population and his fellow Tutsi clergymen. The indictment alleges that Rukundo was involved in the mobilization of Hutus against Tutsis, assisted the search for Tutsis by soldiers and Interahamwe militias, ordered the killing of Tutsi civilians and was personally responsible for the killing of civilians.

The trial of Emmanuel Rukundo began on 15 November 2006 before Trial Chamber II and was completed on 20 February 2008. On 27 February 2009 Rukundo was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity, and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment. On 20 October 2010, the Appeals Chamber reduced Rukundo's sentence by two years, citing errors in law by the Trial Chamber.

DomCLIC Project: Rukundo case before the Federal Tribunal of Switzerland

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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