Zigiranyirazo, Protais

Protais ZigiranyirazoProtais Zigiranyirazo was the brother-in-law of the former Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana, before the President was killed in a plane crash on 6 April 1994.

On 18 December 2008, Zigiranyirazo - known as "Monsieur Z" - was convicted of genocide, and extermination as a crime against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Protais Zigiranyirazo was sentenced to 20 years in prison by Trial Chamber III of the Tribunal after the judges found that there was insufficient proof to find him guilty of conspiracy to commit genocide or complicity in genocide. Additionally, Protais Zigiranyirazo, who was 57 years old at the time of the Judgement, was acquitted of murder as a crime against humanity.

The Prosecution had alleged that the accused used his influence as part of the former President’s “Akazu”, or inner circle, to plan, order and instigate the genocide through, inter alia, the Interahamwe militia. The Prosecutors had sought a life sentence for Zigiranyirazo.

The Defence had argued that the accused never took part in any conspiracy and also that Zigiranyirazo and his family were in hiding when many of the massacres occurred. It denied all the allegations listed in the Indictment of 7 March 2005.

On 16 November 2009, the Appeals Chamber of the ICTR overturned the convictions of Protais Zigiranyirazo and ordered his immediate release finding that the Trial Chamber erred in both law and fact in the assessment of Zigiranyirazo’s alibi evidence for both Kesho Hill and Kiyovu Roadblock which invalidated his convictions based on those particular events.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
Page Tools
Share |