Bikindi, Simon

Simon BikindiAt the time of the genocide in Rwanda in1994, Simon Bikindi was a well known composer, director and singer of popular music. He was also an official in the Ministry of Youth and Sport and member of the MNRD (Mouvement Républicain National pour le Développement et la Démocratie) political party.

Simon Bikindi’s songs were a crucial part of the genocidal plan because they incited the ethnic hatred of Tutsis and further incited people to attack and to kill Tutsis. Simon Bikindi was responsible for killing or causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the Tutsi population. Bikindi also participated in the military training of the Interahamwe militias.

Simon Bikindi was arrested in Leiden, Netherlands, in 2001 and transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha in 2002.

On 2 December 2008, Trial Chamber III at the ICTR convicted Bikindi of direct and public incitement to commit genocide, but acquitted him of the five other counts (conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, complicity in genocide, murder and persecution as crimes against humanity). The Chamber sentenced Simon Bikindi to 15 years' imprisonment.

The Appeals Chamber of the ICTR rejected Bikindi's appeal in its entirety on 18 March 2010, affirming the Trial Chamber's conviction and sentence.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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